Why we should not trust our intuition?

The existence of female intuition and it´s less considerate counterpart male intuition, as well as an all-encompassing universal intuition is mentioned extensively in so many situations. On the contrary to the common popular defense of intuition, I believe it is still an unsolved matter. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a simple definition of intuition is:

A natural ability or power that makes it possible to know something without any proof or evidence: a feeling that guides a person to act a certain way without fully understanding why; something that is known or understood without proof or evidence.

einstein-intuition-1068x660In order to understand it, we can first distinguish the temporality of it with a simple division of three moments: Pre-event, during the event, post-event. The difference might well be that when we feel intuition towards something or someone before it happens, later, theoretically at least, we can either prove or disprove the intuitive assumption; During the event, while it occurs, we feel an intuitive thinking and we can address it in real time, verifying the truthfulness of the sensation; and after the event, when we remember the intuition we had towards the event in question and then assert it to be true or false. For those of us that are interesting in this concept of intuition, I´m sure that you heard it usually in a context where the intuitive sensation was actually asserted to be true and it helped the capable person with a certain situation and/or person.

Let´s try now to evaluate the certainty of that sensation.

Using intuition or our “gut feeling”, as It is commonly referred to, is, according to PsychologyToday, that “we think of intuition as a magical phenomenon—but hunches are formed out of our past experiences and knowledge. So while relying on gut feelings doesn’t always lead to good decisions, it’s not nearly as flighty a tactic as it may sound.”

Typìcal quote about Intuition, here 

The idea, I believe, is clear, Intuition, as it seems, can be said in the place of or with certain confusion of terms such as Empathy, Spirituality, Instincts, Judgement, Emotional intelligence and many more that have little or nothing to do with it. Hence, in my opinion, intuition, like consciousness, cognitive thinking, Free Will, and many more sensations we share, is usually an abstract feeling that provides comfort and a general sense of control and security in the interaction of a person with the surroundings (whether material or animated form). Meaning, just like when we claim that two events occurring in a relational way are a coincidence, we simply can´t analyze the unimagined amount of information that preceded the coincidence. Like Hana Estroff Marano says, intuition can be the lack of awareness, or knowledge if you wish, evoking the subconscious, whether with an impartial bias or current subconscious estimation of the situation.

Intuition is trispectivism unaware of the circumstance and I do believe many times can actually do more harm than good. For example, the way we treat other people, most of the time our defense system is preventing us from accepting the other (or Other depending on the topic), yes only when we recognize some negative aspects in the person in front of us we take credit in the sake of intuition, all other times it simply fades in the multitude of people and time. We can save that by being aware and conscious about the instinctive mechanism in us and by more thoughtful consideration of any person and situation according to the context. Admittingly, it does require much more work but in the end, I think you will agree: it´s worth it.


When Was the Last Time You Listened to Real Music?!

Sometimes the most inspirational epiphanies arrive from the most unexpected places. Recently I had the pleasure to experience one of those feelings.

music069For some time now, I found myself less and less enjoying to simply listening to music. I still think it is inspirational at times, some music can, still, drive me to tears but I don´t find any pleasure in simply having it around me constantly (except specific moments). Well, to be honest, up until recently, I never actually stopped to seriously think why I feel this way, unattached by music. Then on a train ride where I finally got the chance to start the next book on my list, I came across this next phrase:

¿Os gusta la música?

Le mentí. Acostumbrado a los infinitos rumores de la mar, no concibo otra música que no sea la de las olas. Ade­más, la verdad, no estaba yo para muchas músicas. Y dila­tar la tarea para la que había sido llamado, me parecía, en verdad, un fraude. Pero como debe hacerse en tales ocasio­nes, disimulé y le contesté de esta manera:

-Mucho, señora. La música eleva los espíritus y consue­la de las aflicciones.” (from En el último azul, Carme Riera).


Briefly, it says that after being asked if he likes music, the Captain felt he had to lie, saying that yes, the music lifts the spirits and sooth afflictions. However, his main and truer claim is that music seems to him as a fraud, for he was accustomed to the “infinite murmurs of the sea” where he could not conceive man made music but the one of the waves.

For so long I simply thought that people were right telling me (after realizing my stand about music, of course exaggeratively) that I was emotionless, unable to feel the intensity of a Leonard Cohen’s song, of a Rhapsody melody, or a shake with Shakira (I actually enjoy that part). “You are a robot! – some said – I feel bad for you.”

But no, I used to love music, listening to it all the time, as a teenager in high volume and later, while growing up, somewhat more constrained. I listened to all types of music having my periods of modern Greek style depressive songs, to Rock, and during other periods the Classics and New Age. I listened to music constantly, until my travels. And then, music began to fade, songs became a cultural experience, another form that construct one´s identity. Sounds and tones simply lost their power after experiencing the pleasure of listening to the jungle´s heartbeat. Music became a fraud, a mere imitation of howler-monkey-the true power of nature. I found my connection with nature through the eternal song of life, in the form of animals (what instrument can travel 3km inside a dense jungle like the cry of a howler monkey?); of a summer storm (what greater emotion can a drum give next to a series of thunders or even the break of a pacific 5m wave some footsteps away from you?). Music became a fraud, a simple man-made artifact to incite in us a safe imitation of those intense emotional states as they appear in nature.

It has been many years since the industrious mind of man’s imitations was clear to me. Lipstick for an aroused woman, high-heels for a better physical posture, tailored broad shouldered suit for a more distinguished male look. Perfumes are a billion dollar industry today, simply to imitate the smell of a young, fresh pheromone of a desired girl, or to enhance the masculinity of a village-born man with his wild nature. So much money is invested in finding a formula that will reproduce natural phenomenas, the mimetic existence we call real life.


We worked so hard to run away from nature into comfort, great technology. But are we really that far away from it as some will say? It seems that the more we want to distinguish ourselves from nature, the more we look for it with artificial creation.

So, next time, a person next to you is not thrilled from the music around, from colored faces and Armani suits, don’t scorn his “inability” to feel the music but instead, we can appreciate the capability to simply be truthful to the origin, to the source, constantly and only overwhelmed by the eternal song of Gaia.


Why Google just killed our Free Will…

Lately, the conversation (or better to say questions) about the existence of Free Will seems to appear very often in the media. Most of it does recall a kind of exercise in The art of Rhetoric 1.1 more than real debates and while some are readily and enthusiastically reasoning with the God Almighty argument, others, are trying to have empirical evidence-based statistics of lab testing accompanied by neuro-scientific colorful graphs.

Of course, debates and the (philosophical) questioning about the existence of Free Will is nothing new (from political, theological, economics, social and every existing perspective), but it is to argue that we are beginning to see a new and exciting component: technology.

Free will, Sam HarrisFirst, let me just say that if you are a deterministic, this article will not be for your liking (but if you do want to comment, please read it first). Now, we should begin with a little thought exercise in the style of what Sam Harris, the neuroscientist and author, uses in his talks. I will present three different incidents and all you have to do is to ponder what will be your choice in each matter.

1 – Choose a book or a film (any book or any film, the first one that comes to your mind).

2 – Finding a little sac with money / hair in your soup you just ordered, what will you do with it?

3 – Do you know what will be your next thought?

And here’s one for the road: can you think of a word you don´t know?

We’ll get back to that later.

Recently, it seems the race for the better android, humanoid or simply an autonomous robot had reached a new level. From Watson, that is now officially the smartest creature on earth, to “Geminoid-F” (L), the Osaka’s Geminoid Summit android that can smile and talk (not about Aristotelian concept of Free Will just yet), and other gimmicks as, naming one example, what will soon to be the car of the future, the Google autonomous vehicle. This is an exciting time (as any time) that offers us a vision about ourselves as never before.Osaka’s Geminoid

Free Will is considered by the many religious of many religions to be god given. This, of course, evokes a fallacy that is mentioned by non-religious thinkers that doubt and question how it can be Free Will if it is given to you (and with a set of strict rules to accompany it). However, without deviating to a religious debate, it can be interesting to look into it with the examples of technology. The main claim of the ones that deny the existence of Free Will is that we are a product of our past experiences, either by nature or nurture (the level of importance of each vary depending to the perspective of the debater). Meaning, the next phrase you will read will not be because I chose freely to write but because it is the consequence of all my accumulated experiences in a mixture with the character I was born with put together in the context I was trying so hopelessly construct with a kind of logic dictated to me by the English grammar. How, then, technology supports that kind of claim? Firstly, the fact that 40 years from now, people will look back and giggle on the humanoid we have today is evident (similar to how we giggle thinking about floppy disks). Hence, let us try to image the android of the future (which in many ways already exists) with the smile of the Japanese model smiley face and the capacity to communicate that is closer to Watson. Can we say that it will have Free Will? I think no rational mind (aside of her creator) will venture to claim that. Yet it will be able to talk, walk, perform tasks and solve dilemmas. Or perhaps we should ask it differently: can we say that we gave it Free Will?

Free Will

Now, there are two issues here that I will try to avoid not to get to a circle of arguments and those are: the supposed analogy to man as a combination of circuits, blood vessels and neurons, and the notion of an intelligent design by an omnipotent creator.

It will be much more interesting to continue reflecting of the power of technology and how it sheds new light on Free Will. Such as the question how did Google kill Free Will?

There is a fact that is difficult to digest sometimes and that is that Google has become the Empire it is by simply getting to know what we want before we do. Meaning, from a simple search engine to locate what you search on the web, Google realized that it had struck a gold mine of information and if they will use it wisely, it will magically transformed to… what else, money and supremacy. So, from registering our keywords and preferences of search, they now gain a revenue of 1.2-1.4 billion dollars a year with as magnanimous projects as the Internet for all hot-air balloons and autonomous cars. How come?

free will dnaThis success (and I´m not implying that it was a Pinky and the Brain world domination conspiracy) is by far a significant blow for the Free Will supporters. One reason is that it demonstrates that with right algorithm (hard wire) our Free Will can actually be predicted. The fact that indeed, any decision we make can actually and factually be preconceived solely by calculating all of our prior cybernetic actions is mind blowing. They managed to do that only with our Internet life, not even while reading our minds or physically following us all day (though, in some ways, depending of the level of connectivity we live, they are).

In the end, there seem to be a dichotomy with two possible reasons: the first, if we take the android/maker option, one can argue for a higher being that programmed our minds to a limited cognitive and emotive causality and its interpretations; second, is the Google predictability consciousness which refer to the fact that there is no higher being that supervise our being and we are the product of countless and measureless incidents that got us to where we are today and we are simply acting by inductive and deductive reasoning.

Little girls and boys like to personify their toys (dolls, figurine, etc.), they create meaning in imaginary conversation and gives them a sense of purpose, of Will. Some things, I guess, are just innate (and necessary to try and keep having the will of life).

So what do we do now? Well, whether you feel the inception handiwork of an omnipresent and atemporal being or a box of coagulated past construction circuits, remember that whatever you do and however you think today will be the bases of your future actions. So let’s educate ourselves for good now to live a better tomorrow.

Do something that even Google wouldn´t know you wanted to do, surprise yourself, be more alive the a Japanese robot or a cluster of ninety IBM Power 750 servers know-it-all. More than thinking you have Free Will, be courageous and earn the Will to be Free.

"men believe themselves free, simply because they are conscious of their actions, and unconscious of the causes whereby those actions are determined" B. Spinoza
“men believe themselves free, simply because they are conscious of their actions, and unconscious of the causes whereby those actions are determined” B. Spinoza

A story about a woman and a beard

WurstLately I heard some people calling the Eurovision a freak show, a circus –“What has become of it?”- They utter with a sneer. While it is true that each one of us is entitled to an opinion, only in a perfect world the opinion will be based on real facts, some common logic and lack of hypocrisy. The even more worrying reality is that so call critic was made towards a flesh and blood female, having an anomaly in the form of a beard. Hence, dear Miss Conchita Wurst (with its amusing literal translation Vagina Sausage) was thought of being a bearded woman (if there are some who do not know still, she’s a drag queen). However, all jokes aside, this, in my opinion, is much worse than the reality, for to critic someone for being born one way or another is much more cruel than towards one who chose a certain lifestyle and line of work. Aparently, though there is much difference between the two kinds of bearded ladies, for some, their image can create the same effect.

My love of art revealed an interesting painting to me that can be used as an example for this post.

12. José de Ribera. La mujer barbuda

The Bearded Lady is a painting by the Spanish artist José de Ribera (made in 1631). Ribera spent a long time of his life in Naples, where he saw this woman on two different occasions. The woman is identified by the engraving on the rock (on the right hand side) as Mrs. Magdalena Ventura. However, it seems that Rivera tried to exacerbate and captive the viewer by the shape of the breast (more to the middle of her body) and the fact that she is represented nursing a baby. The engravings say that at the time of the portrait Mrs. Ventura was 52 years old, thus, making the representation a little more unreal. Therefore, by using the breast and the baby to emphasis the feminine nature of Magdalena, Rivera succeeded in making a greater impact on the viewer.

This was Rivera’s way to bring forth a social problem. Civil protection for the disabled or for those suffering some deformities did not exist in the society of the Spanish Golden Age. In fact, Freak shows were for many of years the center of attention and derision for those considered ordinary.

Without going into the philosophical studies on the perspective of the “Other” (work such as Levinas, Foucault etc.), it is interesting to reflect on the way we acknowledge those people. Somewhere in between rejection and fascination we try to capture the malformation mixed with our imagination. This phenomenon was more popular in circuses, but later the same idea was marketed into what was perceived as the human zoos, town fairies and vaudevilles. The common people paid good money to be fascinated by people with rarities and amorphous (bearded lady, bowlegged…), feeling attraction and rejection simultaneously.

The fact of the matter is that “bearded women” are suffering from a complicated medical condition called virilization (or masculinization) that can be developed because of excess of testosterone production or use of anabolic steroids. In girls who are going through puberty or adult women there are more than few causes for such a difficult hormonal imbalance, for example polycystic ovarian syndrome, certain medications or anabolic steroids, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, tumors of the ovaries or adrenal glands that release male hormones. The tumor (one of different gonadal sex cord-stromal tumors) is known as “androblastoma” or “arrhenoblastoma”. One of the most frequent signs that appears as a result of this imbalance is hirsutism which implies hair in women in the so-called androgen – sensitive areas (upper lip, cheeks, chin, around the areola of the breasts, breast, central line of the abdomen, gluteal area and the upper third of the thigh from the inside), places where the hair in women normally do not occur, and represents secondary sexual characteristics of males. Beside hirsutism, women who are suffering from this kind of hormonal imbalance have irregular menstrual periods, their skin changes its’ structure frequently becoming more oily and with acnes. However, signs of virilization in a female depend on the level of testosterone in the body, so in a more difficult condition they can develop deepening of the voice, loss of female fat distribution, male muscle pattern and occasionally enlargement of the clitoris also can occur. For the women that truly suffer this imbalance, this can be a nuisance and uncomfortable from an early age.

Being a drag queen homosexual or a person with any kind of abnormality, there is no sufficient reason for any kind of remark or fear. Both are people with dreams, desires and most certainly a story (and quite a difficult one, I presume). While the more conservative are also the more religious and as a recent study by David Pizarro shows, also the more disgust, they seems to be the last to follow their own rule of love thy neighbor and do not judge other etc. It would probably be better if we look at what’s inside and less on physical decoration (by choice or by birth) and accept some of the diversity that make our world so worthwhile with honesty and love.

Mind the God

Lately, it seems that there is an increasing scientific curiosity about the mind and the reasons for the way we behave, think, act and perceive the world we live in. One of the latest themes where we can witness a rise in public attention and social conversation is the scientific reason for religion. While up until 40 years ago, no one could even imagine there will ever be such liberty and openness to actually research this part of our life, today both religious and non religious are cooperating to get some answers (I have to admit though, that by saying cooperating I mean most of the investigators are non-religious and the test subjects are religious).


The results are by far fascinating. We can learn so much about ourselves as the social animal, about history, anthropology, sociology and many more sciences combined. A recent study shows that religious faiths activates a network of nerves that coordinate the social communication, feelings, imagination and memory (not for all aspects). It shows that in the human brain God is perceived as another human being with thoughts, intentions and of course, feelings. The neuroscientist Alumit Ishai, professor of cognitive neuroscience in Zurich University, investigates this subject. A few years ago she studied, with the help of a MRI, what is happening in the mind of Carmelita’s nuns when they perceive a union with their God. The results were that the mystical experience caused an augmented activity in the visual cortex, the Insular cortex and the Orbitofrontal which shows us that it is not any different from another substantial excitement as emotional experience.


It is known today that gods and similar ideas were with Homo sapiens for the past 70,000 years and more. This is when they started to create variety of worship rituals, beliefs in different gods and general awe towards the unknown and unfamiliar (which of course was practically everything). This need for gods is a common interest for social psychologist, evolutionist, anthropologists and other investigators from different fields (up to philologists at times). The question is what caused that need to believe and if it had an effect on civilization, meaning, whether or not the belief helped civilization coagulate, as with skills as survival and procreation.

The more common and logical of the explanations today is based on the cognitive model of believe as a product of human mind. That, of course, explains why there is an obvious personification to any god that was ever worshiped. Religious people have the tendency to relate to the god they perceive many of the natural characterization they feel. That is to say, that other than thoughts, intentions and feelings that are common to all, each believer sees her god according to what she feels. A person who is very sensitive will normally see God as a very caring and sensitive being; another person with a temper, will perceive God as a fearful being, one that punishes and condemn etc.

This conclusion is also supported by the fact that human being tends to relate any incidence they experience to a personified existence and not to the nature of things. One example is when someone wakes up at night because of a loud noise, the first instinct it to shout “who’s there” and not “what is going on there”.

The theory of the mind is fascinating and surely one post will not be enough. Thus, in the next few weeks I will upload some more interesting studies related to this great enigma, the mind. If you are interested, you are more than welcome to propose links, ideas and even guest blogging.

S. I. Cohen

And he was made to roam the earth… and grow!

The geographical journey that instigates and inspires the mental one will be the action that will carry us to distant and unknown regions of the intrinsic as well as the extrinsic world. A journey can be many things, but it is not a week’s vacation in a beach town, or a trip to a cosmopolitan city in a foreign country. A journey is always a trip of learning, differentiating itself from tourism (a short vacation) or traveling (a longer period of time).


A journey has no time limit, but it involves diving into new cultures, into a unique path in an unfamiliar environment. A vacation, on the other hand, usually ends up with many “I’ve been there” photos and some nice stories to make friends and family jealous, while a journey consists of connecting to other cultures, learning about them, losing yourself to mother nature, whether alone or with a companion. The importance of the number of people who can join is crucial for the experience: one can never really contemplate nature or one’s surroundings when accompanied by a group of ten people. There will constantly be things to do and someone to talk to, and your attention will be more focused on the group itself than toward the new of the outside. In my personal opinion and experience, the solo journey is the most exhilarating and wholesome; followed by a journey of two friends, three if you really have to, and only after that comes a couple. Yes, two to three friends are better partners on a journey than your significant other, for as great as it is for couples to have these experiences, this bonding does not contribute the connection to the outside. In a couple’s journey, you do not change or evolve as a person but as a couple (a wonderful thing on its own).

Solo journeys of psychological and physical development are not rare in our world. The most commonplace, though, are found in literature, both fiction and biographies. In the Odyssey, for example, Homer’s Ulysses undergoes many tests, but the most important one, among the wars and quarrels with the gods, is the journey back to Ithaca. The journey is far from peaceful sailing along the Mediterranean shoreline—he faces hardships, death, and recognition in life. Many times he confronts the gods, good as well as evil, withstanding sacrifice and misery, through sorrow and, at times, joy and ecstasy. Many years pass before he can return to reign side by side with his dear wife.

What do you think would have happened if Ulysses had managed to get right back home after the war of Troy? It would not have been long until he would have found some other war to fight, or the next adventurous opportunity, always in a degenerating dissatisfaction. However, after the countless sights, fatigue, experiences, suffering, and death he survived, his perspective changed and he proved to himself that priorities change when they are viewed from a broader perspective.


In the old world of the sage Greeks, with their idols and stories of heroism, there is a leitmotif—the long walk, the journey of many years. It is what every hero must undertake before being approved by the gods. Those years away from his confidence, far from the security of home, are the most important years of developing his character. Those are years in which the hero’s edification and his mode of action are shaped, and it is then when he becomes the person he is supposed to be, a savior and a hero of the gods. The weaker ones die on the way, but the survivors, the chosen ones, are strong—they are the ones who, with the right combination of strength and shrewdness, can overcome any obstacles and defeat the strongest of their enemy. Even Jesus, king of the Christians, is said to have traveled for many years before he started spreading the word. Moses had a revelation in the mountains before he could lead the children of Israel in the desert. The ancient Babylonian god Dagon disappeared at sea only to reappear years later in a hybrid form, half man, half fish, to lead his people to justice and greatness. Jacob fled his brother Esau and saw an angel descend a ladder from God to tell him the good news.


Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, learned from the many heroic stories of his predecessors; he went for years until that glorious moment when Allah called him to pass down to him the sacred word and distribute it among the lost, heterogeneous, scattered tribes throughout the Arab territory. He did his job so effectively that about two hundred years later the Muslims had become the most powerful union in that part of the world. Buddha is said to have journeyed for long years until he reached enlightenment and nirvana. Whether the Law of Moses or the New Testament, Islam, Buddhism, or other religions and beliefs (monotheistic, polytheistic, or animistic), almost every story of spiritual discovery unravels and begins with the story of the hero’s journey. In it, while facing the unknown, you need to re-examine your abilities every day as another reality, other problems that require new and creative solutions come about. You will spend many hours with yourself in constant introspection, sometimes conscious of the struggle inside and other times the enlightenment will arrive only in retrospect. A journey is one of the strongest examinations of the third division in trispectivism, the intercommunication, the interaction you, as an individual All, have to acknowledge in the face of the world, the universal All. Strengthening one aspect in the three divisions (whether the awareness of the individual, widening the perspectives of the universal, or simply improving the interaction) is also empowering and reinforces the other two.



[This post is taken from Trispectivism, the section titled “Journeys” p. 183]

Love, is it really the same for you and I?‎

Today, with modern technology, scientists have shown that the same feeling does not necessarily trigger the same synapses in our brain. For example fear will be experienced differently in people depending on how and where it is felt, in what context and what it triggers as response in the person experiencing it. This might seem obvious but still, why do we keep thinking that people that are supposed to experience the same emotion as us should also act and understand it like us?

demi moore and love

I guess the best example for this is with one of the strongest emotion, Love, so many times we hear a lovers quarrel where she is saying that he doesn´t love her (or vice versa). What they are really trying to say is that it doesn´t seem that they experience the emotion of love the same way. Thus, the logical conclusion is that if there is no actions a, b, and c as they do while they are in love, then that emotion doesn´t exist.

Thought, as we are just about to describe, the different in many of the cases (supposing love do exists in both) is in the personal intimate experience of the emotion, and later, the way it is being demonstrated. Different theorists have confronted this subject in different fronts, Patrick Colm Hogan from the interaction with literature, Scott Peck when it comes to Love as volitional and human interaction.

In a biological perspective, emotional reaction is a complex system of interconnection of regions activated in our brain usually with a repercussion that follows in our body.

When you ask someone why did she fall in love with her partner, the answer usually be of a spiritual nature or simply “I don´t know, I just did”. There is of course a more specific answer that can bring us closer to what really occurred in those decisive moments of falling in love. Some of it can be a chemical and visual reaction that triggered a set of chain of events relating different parts of synapses while evoking warm memories (probably the most important part is the DLPF, dorsolateral prefrontal). One memory, if we take an example with Freudian relation, is an image of how a girl remembers some gentle males in her family from younger age (which is why sometimes there is a resemblance between her partner to an uncle or her father in their younger age, and even to prior partners). The perceptual moment (or moments) of the encounter addresses many somatosensory modes as the visual and olfactory. Of course, this is only a small fragment of what we know with today’s science but it gets us some steps closer to understanding how we function.

True enough, in most cases, when you start discussing emotions in a more pragmatic, quasi-material manner, some thinks it dissipates the charm, mystery and awe. Yet to this I might respond that in many cases, such as with emotions, I believe that the awe and amazement toward nature only duplicate hundred times fold, for the understanding of this fracture in the system opens doors to new horizons and it´s magnificence only grows. Also, understanding of it helps us deal with some of the difficulties we can have with it (traumas, unexplained fears, phobias, repetitive problems in the relationship and many others).

Why then should we disregard such an amazing opportunity to know ourselves better?


«You just wait there, like a predator, feeling it in your guts swirling like an earthquake in the middle of the ocean. You let it rise from your belly until it hits a wall of millions of tones of water and explode inside of them, letting the atoms collide in one another in a hideous speed. And then the waves rise from the bottom of the sea, make their way upward to touch the sky, the want to reach higher, conquer the earth that enclose them into the paradigm they lean on for millenniums.» (anonymous)